Is the Bible the Word of God? Can we trust what the Bible says? This Essay attempts to answer those questions.
EVIDENCE THAT ISLAM TEACHES THE BIBLE IS CORRUPT SEE HERE.
Bascially the Bible (Both the Old and New Testaments) can't be the word of God because:
- We don't know who wrote a majority of the Books in the Canon of the Bible (how can we trust people we don't even know, same applies to the Hindu Vedas)
- We don't know who their sources were
- Major Contradictions in the Bible about stories of the Crucifixion and resurrection which can't be harmonized. (See this)
- Acheological Errors in the Bible, etc etc.
- There are different versions of the Bible, different canons (The Protestants believe in a different Bible than the Catholics, etc etc) However Sunni Muslims and Shais believe in the Same Quran (However Shias are wrong about a lot of stuff on Islam)
For a summarization on why the New Testament Gospels aren't Historically Reliable see here. To see the different Versions of the Bible see here. To see the different canons of the Bible and how different demoniations/churches have different books in their Bibles see here.
Even Christian Apologists like William Lane Craig will admit that the Bible is a very human book.
(These Essays coming soon!)
Who Wrote the Bible? Part 1
In this section Ehteshaam examines the Old Testament especially the Torah and the Psalms. Ehteshaam concludes that the Torah and the Psalms were written over many years and were edited along with being changed over time.
Who Wrote the Bible? Part 2
In this section Ehteshaam examines the New Testament and why You shouldn’t believe most of the stories told there. He also examines the epistles of Paul, why there are of no use in finding the historical Jesus and the canonization of the New Testament as well as early Christianity on Early Christian scriptures.
Is The New Testament Reliable? A Quick Response to Believers of the New Testament.
Ehteshaam Gulam responds to various claims about the New Testament. Quick but informative.
Introduction to the Gospels
Robert Holkerboer, PhD in English, and the newest writer of this site, reviews and analyzes the Canonical Gospels of the New Testament. He lays out what the Gospels are and their real authorship with good scholarship. A must read for anyone unfamiliar with the New Testament Gospels.
Ehteshaam examines the Quran’s stand on the Bible and why Muslims should believe in the corruption of the Old and New Testaments. Ehteshaam also clarifies misconceptions about the topic.
The Old Testament
The authorship of these books had been traditionally ascribed to Moses, the most important Hebrew prophet. These books are called Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. The arrangement of the books in the Christian Old Testament was taken from the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures.
Jews and Christians believe the Torah (the first five books of the Bible) was written by Prophet Moses. Muslims on the other hand believe that's not true-- and the Torah is acutally corrupt. Let's analyze this further to see who is to be believed.
The Authorship of the Torah
Nowhere (contrary to Jewish and Christian claims) does it in the Torah that Moses wrote it. Whenever we find that references to Moses are always in the third person (see for example Numbers 2:1, 5:1, 31:1, Deuteronomy 33:1).(Source) If Moses really wrote the Torah, why would he write it in Third Person? Rather scholars of the Bible believe that the Torah had more than one author. Biblical scholars believe that the Torah was written by multiple annoymous authors over a long period of time.
The Documentary Hypothesis proposes that there were four different writers for the Torah, and the five books of the Torah Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy were actually cut and paste compilations from earlier written records or literary strands known as J, E, P and D to Biblical Scholars. These four writers wrote the five books of the Torah at different times during the history of Israel. For example J was written during 950 BCE, E was written during 750 BCE, D was written during 700 BCE and the last book or writer of the Torah wrote during 600 to 500 BCE. The Torah was not finished being written well after 400 BCE. Thats 1000 years after Moses lived. So the Torah is not the work of Moses, rather it is the work of unknown writers living after Moses, who fished writing the Torah about 1000 years after Moses died.
This book contains 150 psalms which form the hymnal of Israel. The Abrahamic Faith tradition states that David had received the Psalms. Although the Quran does state the Prophet David peace be upon him had gotten the Psalms in Quran4:163, the the Islamic stance is that the Psalms were altered and changed after the death of King David. With that being said, let’s look deeper into the Pslams.
The word "psalm" means "praise", and is derived from Greek. They address all aspects of the human condition. Prophet David lived around 1000 B.C. but we know that the Psalms were put together much later in the post-exilic period, that is after 539 B.C or 586 B.C. The Book of Psalms consists of five collections of hymns, mostly written for use in the second temple (the temple of Zerubbabel). Through the writings of Prophet David could be here and there in the Psalms, However most of the psalms were post exilian (after the life of Prophet David).
Since the Psalms were not written down in Hebrew before the 6th century BCE, nearly half a millennium after Prophet David's reign (about 1000 BCE), they doubtless depended on oral or hymnic tradition for transmission of any Davidic material. A lot of the Psalms seem to praising some highly idealized monarch, and seem to be honoring one of the Hasmanean Kings in 142-63 B.C.
Actual authorship of most of the Pslams is mostly unknown.The book of Psalms was finished being written between 400 and 200 CE around 570 to 770 years after the death of Prophet David.
The New Testament